Friday, 11 August 2017

Development of River Network to promote Inland Water Transport

To promote Inland Water Transport (IWT) in the country, 111 waterways, have been declared as National Waterways under the National Waterways Act, 2016.  Of these, 5 waterways were already recognized as National Waterways while 106 were declared later. The list of these NWs is as follows -
111 - NATIONAL WATERWAYS LIST
National Waterway Number
Name of National Waterways
Len-gth
State
1.
Ganga – Bhagirathi - Hooghly
1620
UP, Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal
2.
Brahmaputra
891
Assam
3.
West Coast Canal along with Champakara & Udyogmandal Canal
365
Kerala
4.
Kakinada Puducherry Canal alongwith Godavari & Krishna rivers
2890
Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Telanagana
5.
East Coast Canal along with Brahmani& Mahanadi Delta
588
Odisha, West Bengal
6.
Aai
71
Assam
7.
Ajoy (Ajay)
96
West Bengal
8.
Alappuzha- Changanassery Canal
28
Kerala
9.
Alappuzha- Kottayam- Athirampuzha Canal
38
Kerala
10.
Amba River
45
Maharashtra
11.
Arunawati/ Aran River
98
Maharashtra
12.
Asi
5.5
UP
13.
AVM Canal (Kanyakumari to Kollam)
11
Tamil Nadu
14.
Baitarni River
49
Odisha
15.
Bakreswar/ Mayurakshi River
137
West Bengal
16.
Barak
121
Assam
17.
Beas
191
HP & Punjab
18.
Beki
73
Assam
19.
Betwa         
68
UP
20.
Bhavani River
94
Tamil Nadu
21.
Bheema
139
Telangana Karnataka
22.
Birupa/ BadiGenguti/ Brahmani River System
156
Odisha
23.
BudhaBalanga
56
Odisha
24.
Chambal
60
 UP
25
Chapora
33
Goa
26
Chenab
53
J&K & Punjab
27
Cumberjua
17
Goa
28
Dabhol Creek/ Vasishti river
45
Maharashtra
29
Damodar
135
West Bengal
30
Dehing
114
Assam
31
Dhansiri/ Chathe
110
Assam
32
Dikhu
63
Assam
33
Doyans
61
Assam
34
DVC Canal
130
West Bengal
35
Dwarekeswar
113
West Bengal
36
Dwarka
121
West Bengal
37
Gandak
300
Bihar & UP
38
Gangadhar
62
Assam & West Bengal
39
Ganol River
49
Meghalaya
40
Ghaghra River
340
Bihar & UP
41
Ghataprabha
112
Karnataka
42
Gomti
518
UP
43
Gurupur
10
Karnataka
44
Ichamati
64
West Bengal
45
Indira Gandhi Canal
650
Haryana, Punjab & Rajasthan
46
Indus
35
J&K
47
Jalangi
131
West Bengal
48
Jawai-Luni river &Rann of Kutch
590
Rajasthan & Gujarat
49
Jhelum
110
J&K
50
Jinjiram River
43
Meghalaya & Assam
51
Kabini
23
Karnataka
52
Kali
54
Karnataka
53
Kalyan – Thane – Mumbai Waterway, Vasai creek &Ulhas river
145
Maharashtra
54
Karamnasa
86
UP & Bihar
55
Kaveri/ Kollidam river
364
Tamil Nadu
56
Kherkai
23
Jharkhand
57
Kopili River
46
Assam
58
Koshi
236
Bihar
59
Kottayam- Vaikom Canal
28
Kerala
60
Kumari
77
West Bengal
61
Kynshi River
28
Meghalaya
62
Lohit
100
Assam
63
Luni
327
Rajasthan
64
Mahanadi
425
Odisha
65
Mahananda
81
West Bengal
66
Mahi
248
Gujarat
67
Malaprabha
94
Karnataka
68
Mandovi
41
Goa
69
Manimutharu
5
Tamil Nadu
70
Manjara
242
Maharashtra,  &Telangana
71
Mapusa/ Moide river
27
Goa
72
Nag
60
Maharashtra
73
Narmada
227
Gujarat
74
Netravathi
78
Karnataka
75
Palar
141
Tamil Nadu
76
Panchagangavali (Panchagangoli)
23
Karnataka
77
Pazhyar
20
Tamil Nadu
78
Penganga/ Wardha
265
Maharashtra &Telangana
79
Pennar
29
Andhra Pradesh
80
Ponniyar
125
Tamil Nadu
81
Punpun
35
Bihar
82
Puthimari
72
Assam
83
Rajpuri creek
31
Maharashtra
84
Ravi
42
HP & J&K
85
Revdanda Creek/ Kundalika river
31
Maharashtra
86
Rupnarayan River
72
West Bengal
87
Sabarmati
212
Gujarat
88
Sal
14
Goa
89
Savitri River (Bankot creek)
46
Maharashtra
90
Sharavati River
29
Karnataka
91
Shastri River/ Jaigad creek
52
Maharashtra
92
Silabati
26
West Bengal
93
Simsang River 
62
Meghalaya
94
Sone
160
Bihar
95
Subansiri
111
Assam
96
Subarnrekha River
314
Jharkhand, West Bengal & Odisha
97
Sunderbans Waterway
654
West Bengal
Bidya river
West Bengal
ChhotaKalagachi (ChhotoKalergachi) river
West Bengal
Gomar
West Bengal
Haribhanga river
West Bengal
Hogla (Hogal) – Pathankhali river
West Bengal
Kalindi (Kalandi) river
West Bengal
Katakhali river
West Bengal
Matla river
West Bengal
Muri Ganga (Baratala) river
West Bengal
Raimangal river
West Bengal
Sahibkhali (Sahebkhali) river
West Bengal
Saptamukhi river
West Bengal
Thakurran river
West Bengal
98
Sutlej
377
Punjab & HP
99
Tamaraparani
64
Tamil Nadu
100
Tapi
436
Maharashtra &  Gujarat
101
Tizu / Zungki Rivers
42
Nagaland
102
Tlawng (Dhaleswari)
86
Mizoram
103
Tons
73
 UP
104
Tungabhadra
230
Telangana, Karnataka & AP
105
Udayavara
16
Karnataka
106
Umngot  (Dawki) River
20
Meghalaya
107
Vaigai
45
Tamil Nadu
108
Varuna River
53
UP
109
Wainganga / Pranahita River
164
Maharashtra &Telangana
110
Yamuna
1089
Haryana, UP & Delhi
111
Zuari
50
Goa

TOTAL
20,275



Out of the 106 newly declared NWs, 32 NWs have been found technically feasible and 20 NWs found unviable for development for navigational purposes as per feasibility reports. Out of the 32 viable NWs, the development process has been initiated on 7 NWs and the status of development of these NWs is as follows:-

S. No.
Status of Development of Seven new  National Waterways
1
River Barak (NW 16):  
Dredging work for development of fairway has been awarded.  Consultant has been engaged for preparation of DPR for upgradation of terminals at Badarpur, Karimganj and construction of new floating terminal at Silchar. 
2
03 (Three) Waterways in Goa (NW- 27:Cumberjua, NW 68 – Mandovi,
NW 111 – Zuari ): 
A proposal for development of these NWs at a cost of Rs.22.65 crores has been approved on 02.06.2017. Work would be executed through Government of Goa with the assistance of Mormugao Port Trust.
3
Alappuzha–Kottayam– Athirampuzha Canal (NW-9) :
Proposal for development of the fairway at a cost of Rs.1.60 crores has been approved on 02.06.2017. 
4
River Gandak (NW-37) :
Proposal for development of the fairway and two floating terminals at a cost of Rs.12.91 crores has been approved on 02.06.2017. 
5
River Rupnarayan (NW-86) :
Proposal for development of fairway and one floating pontoon at a cost of Rs.24.00 crores has been approved on 02.06.2017.

Feasibility studies on the remaining 52 waterways are being done by IWAI and studies for 2 NWs have been taken up by the respective State Governments separately. 
This information was given by Minister of State for Shipping and Road Transport and Highways Shri Pon. Radhakrishnan in a written reply to a question in the Lok Sabha today (August 10, 2017).


Courtesy: pib.nic.in

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