IIMC should strive for journalism courses in all Indian Languages: Shri M. Venkaiah Naidu

Urdu is the cultural heritage of all Indians: Venkaiah Naidu
IIMC re-launches journal “Communicator”
67th Development Journalism course inaugurated by I&B Minister
Shri Venkaiah Naidu, Minister for Information & Broadcasting has said that students aspiring to become journalists in future must ensure that news and views are not mixed. In order to be objective, every budding young journalist should have an open mind to acquire maximum knowledge to present theperspective in an objective manner. He urged students to keep abreast with the latest developments, new technology and new modes of communication and should inculcate a habit of reading to remain relevant and effective. He also called upon IIMC to strive for journalism courses in all Indian languages to cater to the communication needs of the citizens all across the country. The Minister stated this while inaugurating the First PG Diploma course in Urdu Journalism, 67th Diploma course in Development Journalism and the launch of IIMC Journal “Communicator”, here today at Shastri Bhawan.

Speaking about the changing paradigm in communication, the Minister said that Social Media has broken the boundaries of time and space in communication.  It was a pre-requisite todayfor budding journalists to be social media savvy and to have a watchful eye about the public perception on issues of local and international importance.

Emphasizing on the training methodology, Shri Naidu said that in the current scenario, it was important to include Case studies and practical exposure as a part of curriculum for learning, practising and applying new concepts. He also stressed the need to impart an outlook to budding journalists, and communicators that is rooted in strong ethical values.

Complimenting IIMC on the new PG Diploma course in Urdu Journalism, Shri Naidu saidthat Urdu journalism was an important and integral part of media and communication landscape of our country which played an important role in Freedom Struggle movement. Elaborating further, the Minister emphasized on the critical role played by Maulana Azad’s newspaper Al-Hilal which espoused the cause of Hindu-Muslim unity and strengthened the inclusive ideals of Indian nationalism during the Freedom Struggle movement. He also highlighted the important role played by newspapers like Naqeeb e-Hamdard, Pratap, Milap, QuamiAwaaz, Zameendar, Hindustan in spreading the ideals of nationalism amongst the Indian youth.

Regarding the expanding Media & Entertainment sector, the Minister highlighted the vast requirement of skilled personnel in the sector in the country.  He referred the prominent role being played by the Government’s Skill India Initiative for upgrading skills under multiple disciplines. He added that the vision of this Government under the leadership of Hon’ble Prime Minister was to bring Transformational changes in all sectors.  He complemented IIMC for playing a pivotal role in bridging the skill gap currently prevailing in this domain as a premier academic institution in the country.

On the re-launch of IIMC Journal “Communicator”, the Minister said that the Journal will provide academicians, research scholars, and media practitioners a platform to publish their articles, case studies and research papers related to the field of mass communication encouraging a healthy exchange of innovative, unique and transformative ideas that can lay the foundations to the ‘communication paradigm of the future’. The journal ‘Communicator’ is one of the oldest Journals on mass communication, in publication since 1965. It started as Quarterly Journal in 1965 and later became a yearly publication.
While inaugurating the 67th Development Journalism course, the Minister said India is today regaining the lost glory of being the Knowledge hub of the world. The Development Journalism course provided a great opportunity for understanding and appreciating each other’s culture, and developing bonds of friendship. He added that journalist scholars from various Developing Countries were unofficial Ambassadors of India who shall provide a link of brotherhood among different cultures through their writings.The 67thbatch of Development Journalism course at IIMC has 23 scholars (12 females and 11 males) from 19 different countries.
           

 Courtesy:pib.nic.in

Textiles Minister Smt. Smriti Zubin Irani to inaugurate 58th IIGF 2017

58th IIGF to leverage brand India: Chairman, AEPC

The 58th edition of India International Garment Fair (IIGF) will be held in New Delhi from January 18 - 20, 2017. The 58th IIGF caters primarily to Autumn-Winter 2017/18. Organized by Apparel Export Promotion Council (AEPC) India, the IIGF is one of the largest and most popular platforms in Asia, from which overseas garment buyers can source products and forge business relationships with India’s finest players in the apparel and fashion accessories domain.

The Union Textiles Minister, Smt. Smriti Zubin Irani will inaugurate the 58th IIGF and will unveil the Fair Guide as well. Minister of State for Textiles, Shri Ajay Tamta, and Textiles Secretary, Smt. Rashmi Verma will also be present on the occasion.

A total of 312 participants from 14 states of the country are participating in the Fair; the major participating states are Delhi-NCR, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Haryana, Tamil Nadu, Punjab, Gujarat and Karnataka. The sellers would be showcasing womenswear, accessories, kids wear and menswear.

The IIFG will have two fashion shows a day (one in the morning and one in the afternoon) on all three days, for exhibiting the collections and developing business. A theme pavilion and best display awards are some other attractions of the event.

Mr. Ashok Rajani, Chairman AEPC, informed that 58th IIGF is India’s largest garment show in South Asia, covering Apparel and Fashion Accessories, organized over a vast exhibition area. He said that the objective of IIGF is to showcase the latest trends in garment and fashion accessories, and to leverage brand India across the globe.

The India International Garment Fair was started in 1988. It is a B2B fair and is meant for conducting meaningful and quality business.

Courtesy: pib.nic.in

The Ministry of Women and Child Development to setup National Alliance against online Child sexual abuse and exploitation

The Ministry of Women & Child Development, Government of India is   to  form  a National Alliance against   Online Child Sexual Abuse and Exploitation with the aim of developing a comprehensive outreach system  to engage parents, schools, communities, NGO partners and local governments (PRIs and ULBs) as well as police and lawyers to ensure better implementation of the legal framework, policies, national strategies and standards in relation to child protection and child rights.In this context, the Ministry hosted a day-long consultation on 16th January 2017 with all stakeholders including Ministries of Home Affairs, Health and Family Welfare, Electronics and Information Technology, Department of School Education and Literacy,  National Commission for  Protection of Child Rights and  civil society organisations working on the issue at Civil Services Officer’s Institute (CSOI), Vinay Marg, Chanakyapuri, New Delhi. 
          Child sexual abuse is a multi-layered problem which negatively impacts children’s safety, health and well being. Research from world-wide indicates that children’s exposure to violence and abuse is associated with long-term physical, psychological, and emotional harm. Child abuse is finding new forms and channels through mobile and digital technologies.
Online child abuse and exploitation amplifies existing forms of offline bullying, stalking and harassment. It also facilitates the sexual exploitation of children through the production and dissemination of child sexual abuse materials and by facilitating the sexual exploitation and trafficking of children. Online abuse knows no national boundaries.
Even though India has  a comprehensive legal framework for protection of child rights in the form of Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act 2015,  POCSO Act, 2012 along with RTE Act 2009 and recently amended Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Amendment Act, 2106, there is limited awareness of online risks for children, both among parents and guardian and children themselves,  
However, to ensure  protection of children from online sexual abuse, all  stakeholders  must work together. In this context, the National Alliance on Child Sexual Abuse and Exploitation  has the following broad objectives:
                   I.            Bring a common definition of child pornography including amendment of acts (Information technology Act, POCSO Act).
                II.            Set up a multi-member secretariat based in MWCD with a portal inclusive of a hotline for reporting and strengthening existing service delivery systems.
             III.            Provide a platform for  Government/ NGOs and other child rights activists  for  networking and information sharing.
            IV.            Document and showcases success stories and best practices in terms of prevention of  online abuse and exploitation of children.
               V.            Inform and educate member organisations, parents, teachers, front line service providers and children  on the rights of the children and various issues related to online child abuse and exploitation.
            VI.            Provide a forum for advocacy for child rights and policy inputs  based on  research and studies

Courtesy: pib.nic.in

Sale of Tickets for Republic Day Parade and Beating Retreat (Rehearsals) Begins

In order to facilitate the general public to witness the Republic Day Parade at Rajpath and Full Dress Rehearsal of Beating the Retreat Ceremony at Vijay Chowk, the sale of tickets had commenced on 07 January 2017.

The price of tickets for the Republic Day Parade on 26th January 2017 are Rs. 500/- for reserved seats and Rs. 100/- and Rs. 20/- for unreserved seats.  The tickets for the Beating the Retreat Ceremony (Full Dress Rehearsal) on 28th January 2017 are in the category of Rs. 50/- and Rs. 20/- and does not have reserved seats.

Tickets are available at seven Departmental Sale Counters. These counters are located at North Block round about, Pragati Maidan (Gate No. 1), Jantar Mantar (Main Gate), Shastri Bhawan (near Gate No. 3), India Gate (near Jamnagar House), Red Fort (near police picket) and Sena Bhavan (Gate No. 2). For Members of Parliament, a special counter has also been set up in Parliament House (Reception Office). The above sale counters are open till January 25, 2017 from 1000hrs to 1230 hrs and 1400hrs to 1630hrs. In regard to the Full Dress Rehearsal of Beating the Retreat Ceremony the tickets will also be available on 27th and 28th January 2017 from 1000hrs to 1630hrs. However, on 28 January 2017 the counters will close by 1500hrs due to commencement of Beating the Retreat (Rehearsals). From 23 to 25 January 2017, ticket counters of Sena Bhawan, Jantar Mantar, India Gate and Shastri Bhawan will remain open till 1900hrs. No ticket counters will remain open on 26 January 2017, the day being the Republic Day.

The tickets are sold on the basis of production of Aadhaar Card, Voter Card or Identity Cards issued by Government of India or State Governments only. Payment for tickets will also be accepted by Credit/Debit Cards.

\Courtesy:pib.nic.in

Index Numbers of Wholesale Price in India (Base: 2004-05=100) Review for the month of December, 2016

The official Wholesale Price Index for ‘All Commodities’ (Base: 2004-05=100) for the month of December, 2016 declined by 0.2 percent to 182.8 (provisional) from 183.1 (provisional) for the previous month.

INFLATION

The annual rate of inflation, based on monthly WPI, stood at 3.39% (provisional) for the month of December, 2016 (over December, 2015) as compared to 3.15% (provisional) for the previous month and -1.06% during the corresponding month of the previous year.  Build up inflation rate in the financial year so far was 4.28% compared to a build up rate of 0.40% in the corresponding period of the previous year.

Inflation for important commodities / commodity groups is indicated in Annex-1 and Annex-II.
The movement of the index for the various commodity groups is summarized below:-

PRIMARY ARTICLES (Weight 20.12%)

The index for this major group declined by 1.2 percent to 256.3 (provisional) from 259.4 (provisional) for the previous month. The groups and items which showed variations during the month are as follows:-

The index for ‘Food Articles’ group declined by 2.2 percent to 270.1 (provisional) from 276.1 (provisional) for the previous month due to lower price of fruits & vegetables (9%), arhar (6%), masur and urad (5% each), moong (4%),      gram (2%) and poultry chicken (1%).  However, the price of ragi (4%), jowar and wheat (3% each), bajra (2%) and      egg, barley, pork, condiments & spices, tea and fish-inland (1% each) moved up.

The index for ‘Non-Food Articles’ group rose by 1.9 percent to 225.6 (provisional) from 221.4 (provisional) for the previous month due to higher price of flowers (10%), raw rubber (9%), copra (coconut) and groundnut seed (6% each), raw silk (5%), gingelly seed and raw cotton (2% each) and soyabean, sugarcane and safflower (kardi seed) (1% each).  However, the price of raw jute (4%), sunflower (3%), rape & mustard seed (2%) and coir fibre, niger seed, linseed and raw wool (1% each) declined.

The index for ‘Minerals’ group rose by 2.8 percent to 213.3 (provisional) from 207.4 (provisional) for the previous month due to higher price of magnesite and sillimanite (15% each), manganese ore (11%), iron ore (7%), phosphorite and crude petroleum (4% each) and chromite (1%).  However, the price of copper ore (8%) declined.

FUEL & POWER (Weight 14.91%)

The index for this major group rose by 0.7 percent to 192.1 (provisional) from 190.7  (provisional) for the previous month due to higher price of furnace oil (5%),  kerosene, petrol and LPG (2% each) and high speed diesel (1%).  However, the price of aviation turbine fuel (4%) and bitumen (2%) declined.

MANUFACTURED PRODUCTS (Weight 64.97%)

The index for this major group rose by 0.1 percent to 158.0 (provisional) from 157.9 (provisional) for the previous month. The groups and items for which the index showed variations during the month are as follows:-

The index for 'Food Products' group declined by 0.2 percent to 193.7 (provisional) from 194.0 (provisional) for the previous month due to lower price of tea leaf (blended), coffee powder and gur (5% each), oil cakes (3%), processed prawn (2%) and maida, tea leaf (unblended), sugar, gingelly oil, tea dust (blended), mustard & rapeseed oil, sunflower oil and tea dust (unblended) (1% each).  However, the price of gram powder (besan) (14%), groundnut oil, copra oil, gola (cattle feed) and wheat flour (atta) (2% each) and ghee, rice bran oil, bakery products, soyabean oil, palm oil and sooji      (rawa) (1% each) moved up.

The index for ‘Beverages, Tobacco & Tobacco Products’ group rose by 0.1 percent to 221.9 (provisional) from 221.6 (provisional) for the previous month due to higher price of dried tobacco (4%).  However, the price of rectified spirit      (1%) declined.

The index for ‘Textiles’ group declined by 0.1 percent to 141.6 (provisional) from 141.8 (provisional) for the previous month due to lower price of jute sacking bag (5%), jute sacking cloth (2%) and tyre cord fabric (1%).  However, the price of gunny and hessian cloth (3%) and man made fabric (1%) moved up.

The index for ‘Wood & Wood Products’ group declined by 2.0 percent to 193.7 (provisional) from 197.6 (provisional) for the previous month due to lower price of timber / wooden planks and plywood & fibre board (2% each) and processed wood (1%).

The index for ‘Paper & Paper Products’ group rose by 0.4 percent to 157.0 (provisional) from 156.4 (provisional) for the previous month due to higher price of printing and writing paper (3%) and paper rolls, cream laid woven paper and maplitho paper (1%each).  However, the price of corrugated sheet boxes and newsprint (1% each) declined.

The index for ‘Leather & Leather Products’ group declined by  0.7 percent to 146.1 (provisional) from 147.1 (provisional) for the previous month due to lower price of leathers (3%).

The index for ‘Chemicals & Chemical Products’ group declined by 0.1 percent to 150.7 (provisional) from 150.8 (provisional) for the previous month due to lower price of di ammonium phosphate and turpentine oil (3%each) and       ammonium sulphate,  non-cyclic compound and rubber chemicals (1% each).  However, the price of synthetic resin,     lacquer & varnishes and basic organic chemicals (1% each) moved up.

The index for ‘Non-Metallic Mineral Products’ group declined by 0.3 percent to 179.3 (provisional) from 179.9 (provisional) for the previous month due to lower price of asbestos corrugated sheet (2%) and grey cement (1%).  However, the price of marbles (6%) and white cement (1%) moved up.

The index for 'Basic Metals, Alloys & Metal Products' group rose by 0.8 percent to 157.6 (provisional) from 156.3 (provisional) for the previous month due to higher price of ferro chrome (13%), plates and gp/gc sheets (5% each), lead    (4%), CRC and HRC (3% each), wire rods, steel castings, sheets, joist & beams and rounds (2% each) and angles,     rebars, steel rods, steel: pipes & tubes, pencil  ingots, melting scrap, aluminium and ferro silicon (1% each).  However, the price of gold & gold ornaments (4%), silver and pipes/tubes/rods/strips (2% each) and pig iron, billets and iron castings (1% each) declined.

The index for ‘Machinery & Machine Tools’ group rose by 0.1 percent to 135.5 (provisional) from 135.4 (provisional) for the previous month due to higher price of pvc insulated cable and fibre optic cable (1% each).  However, the price of ball/roller bearing (2%) and engines (1%) declined.

The index for ‘Transport, Equipment & Parts’ group rose by 0.1 percent to 140.0 (provisional) from 139.9 (provisional) for the previous month due to higher price of auto rickshaw / tempo / matador (2%).

FINAL INDEX FOR THE MONTH OF OCTOBER, 2016 (BASE YEAR: 2004-05=100)

For the month of October, 2016, the final Wholesale Price Index for ‘All Commodities’ (Base: 2004-05=100) stood at 183.6 as compared to 182.9 (provisional) and annual rate of inflation based on final index stood at 3.79 percent as compared to 3.39 percent (provisional) respectively as reported on 14.11.2016.


Next date of press release: 14/02/2017 for the month of January, 2017
Office of Economic Adviser, Ministry of Commerce & Industry, New Delhi,
This press release is available at our home page http://eaindustry.nic.in

Annexure-I
Wholesale Price Index and Rates of Inflation (Base Year: 2004-05=100)






Month of December, 2016
Commodities/Major Groups/Groups/Sub-Groups
Weight
WPI Dec- 2016
Latest month over month
Build up from March
Year on year
2015-16
2016-17
2015-16
2016-17
2015-16
2016-17
ALL COMMODITIES
100.00000
182.8
-0.39
-0.16
0.40
4.28
-1.06
3.39
PRIMARY ARTICLES
20.11815
256.3
-0.23
-1.20
6.95
4.14
4.58
0.27
Food Articles
14.33709
270.1
0.04
-2.17
9.11
4.08
7.89
-0.70
Cereals
3.37323
255.6
0.68
0.83
2.90
5.93
1.93
7.49
Rice
1.79348
247.7
-0.04
-0.44
1.58
3.77
-1.25
4.38
Wheat
1.11595
251.7
0.81
2.73
3.53
10.30
3.91
12.82
Pulses
0.71662
447.1
-0.45
-3.39
46.82
29.03
55.76
18.12
Vegetables
1.73553
211.1
-4.57
-15.90
45.57
-0.61
19.50
-33.11
Potato
0.20150
219.6
-13.58
-20.23
14.88
36.31
-35.40
26.42
Onion
0.17794
256.8
-19.11
4.77
22.98
-6.14
18.32
-37.20
Fruits
2.10717
234.1
-1.10
-3.42
-4.02
-1.43
-0.55
0.04
Milk
3.23818
261.2
0.04
-0.04
1.46
2.88
1.78
4.11
Egg, Meat & Fish
2.41384
304.7
3.31
0.30
2.24
1.30
5.03
2.73
Non-Food Articles
4.25756
225.6
1.13
1.90
10.66
2.64
7.84
0.62
Fibres
0.87737
233.5
2.91
0.95
7.91
11.78
2.71
11.88
Oil Seeds
1.78051
211.1
0.18
2.03
6.80
-0.24
8.23
-3.30
Minerals
1.52350
213.3
-7.85
2.84
-22.32
10.58
-31.02
12.86
FUEL & POWER
14.91021
192.1
-0.73
0.73
-5.96
11.43
-9.15
8.65
Liquefied petroleum gas
0.91468
166.3
1.31
1.59
0.12
3.87
-2.51
2.09
Petrol
1.09015
170.7
-1.01
1.79
-4.72
14.72
-7.90
8.52
High speed diesel
4.67020
218.5
0.00
0.83
-10.58
19.20
-13.80
20.25
MANUFACTURED PRODUCTS
64.97164
158.0
-0.39
0.06
-0.97
2.53
-1.49
3.67
Food Products
9.97396
193.7
-0.17
-0.15
2.82
7.85
1.69
10.75
Sugar
1.73731
219.2
2.03
-0.86
-1.89
15.19
-7.51
28.04
Edible Oils
3.04293
157.2
-0.46
0.38
3.52
5.01
4.68
4.87
Beverages, Tobacco & Tobacco Product
1.76247
221.9
-0.15
0.14
1.43
4.77
2.03
7.67
Cotton Textiles
2.60526
160.8
-0.06
-0.12
-1.65
3.21
-2.51
3.68
Man Made Textiles
2.20573
129.7
-0.46
0.08
-2.19
0.46
-3.78
0.00
Wood & Wood Products
0.58744
193.7
-0.61
-1.97
2.95
-1.68
3.28
-0.82
Paper & Paper Products
2.03350
157.0
0.19
0.38
1.37
0.77
2.58
1.29
Leather & Leather Products
0.83509
146.1
0.14
-0.68
1.62
0.21
0.21
1.04
Rubber & Plastic Products
2.98697
148.4
-0.55
0.00
-1.89
2.13
-2.61
1.99
Chemicals & Chemical Products
12.01770
150.7
-0.20
-0.07
-0.73
0.74
-1.71
0.60
Non-Metallic Mineral Products
2.55597
179.3
-0.50
-0.33
-0.22
0.50
2.71
0.56
Cement & Lime
1.38646
174.9
-0.96
-1.02
-1.69
-0.46
3.25
0.11
Basic Metals Alloys & Metal Product
10.74785
157.6
-1.58
0.83
-7.66
2.74
-9.23
5.42
Iron & Semis
1.56301
137.8
-2.59
0.00
-11.62
1.10
-14.16
4.71
Machinery & Machine Tools
8.93148
135.5
0.00
0.07
-0.07
0.30
0.22
0.44
Transport Equipment & Parts
5.21282
140.0
-0.07
0.07
0.51
0.72
1.47
1.45






Annexure-II








Trend of Rate of Inflation for some important items during last six months








Commodities/Major Groups/Groups/Sub-Groups
Weight (%)
Rate of Inflation for the last six months
Dec-16
Nov-16
Oct-16
Sept-16
Aug-16
July-16
100.00
3.39
3.15
3.79
3.80
3.85
3.72
PRIMARY ARTICLES
20.12
0.27
1.25
4.18
5.36
7.75
9.74
Food Articles
14.34
-0.70
1.54
4.79
6.39
8.87
12.60
Cereals
3.37
7.49
7.32
8.34
9.07
9.51
9.19
Rice
1.79
4.38
4.80
7.04
7.10
7.38
6.82
Wheat
1.12
12.82
10.71
9.17
9.97
10.34
9.82
Pulses
0.72
18.12
21.73
22.02
23.99
34.24
38.33
Vegetables
1.74
-33.11
-24.10
-10.01
-10.91
0.23
28.45
Potato
0.20
26.42
36.97
60.58
73.60
67.17
62.14
Onion
0.18
-37.20
-51.51
-66.06
-70.59
-64.19
-36.29
Fruits
2.11
0.04
2.45
6.03
14.14
13.91
17.38
Milk
3.24
4.11
4.19
4.35
4.43
4.20
3.76
Egg, Meat & Fish
2.41
2.73
5.82
6.20
7.44
8.75
7.52
Non-Food Articles
4.26
0.62
-0.14
2.49
4.67
8.72
9.53
Fibres
0.88
11.88
14.05
17.91
19.32
25.13
26.34
Oil Seeds
1.78
-3.30
-5.05
-3.15
2.25
7.21
5.57
Minerals
1.52
12.86
1.12
1.39
-3.79
-7.37
-17.56
FUEL & POWER
14.91
8.65
7.07
6.24
5.64
1.62
-1.00
Liquefied petroleum gas
0.91
2.09
1.80
0.94
-0.74
-1.85
-1.35
Petrol
1.09
8.52
5.54
3.57
1.25
-8.65
-10.30
High speed diesel
4.67
20.25
19.26
19.32
19.08
12.15
6.57
MANUFACTURED PRODUCTS
64.97
3.67
3.20
2.94
2.54
2.48
1.95
Food Products
9.97
10.75
10.73
10.93
11.38
11.93
10.72
Sugar
1.74
28.04
31.76
30.94
32.86
35.36
32.96
Edible Oils
3.04
4.87
3.98
4.46
6.14
6.51
4.92
Beverages, Tobacco & Tobacco Product
1.76
7.67
7.36
7.67
7.67
7.72
6.89
Cotton Textiles
2.61
3.68
3.74
3.59
3.20
2.29
1.97
Man Made Textiles
2.21
0.00
-0.54
-0.84
-1.06
-2.41
-3.30
Wood & Wood Products
0.59
-0.82
0.56
0.41
3.30
3.04
0.20
Paper & Paper Products
2.03
1.29
1.10
0.97
1.10
1.49
1.50
Leather & Leather Products
0.84
1.04
1.87
1.87
0.07
0.55
0.48
Rubber & Plastic Products
2.99
1.99
1.44
1.02
0.61
-0.34
-1.07
Chemicals & Chemical Products
12.02
0.60
0.47
0.13
-0.07
-0.33
-0.26
Non-Metallic Mineral Products
2.56
0.56
0.39
1.92
1.64
2.22
2.68
Cement & Lime
1.39
0.11
0.17
2.54
1.95
3.61
4.23
Basic Metals Alloys & Metal Product
10.75
5.42
2.90
1.23
-0.90
-1.49
-2.43
Iron & Semis
1.56
4.71
2.00
-0.36
-6.26
-6.88
-8.57
Machinery & Machine Tools
8.93
0.44
0.37
0.37
0.22
0.22
0.15
Transport Equipment & Parts
5.21
1.45
1.30
1.45
1.60
1.60
1.31



Courtesy: pib.nic.in