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Steps to Enhance the income of Farmers

Government is taking several steps to enhance the income of farmers including:-

(i)         Soil Health Card (SHC) scheme by which the farmers can know the major and minor nutrients available in their soils which will ensure judicious use of fertiliser application and reduce cost of inputs and improve soil fertility.

(ii)        Neem Coated Urea is being promoted to regulate use of urea, enhance its availability to the crop and reduce cost of fertilizer application. The entire quantity of domestically manufactured and imported urea is now neem coated.

(iii)       Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY) is being implemented with a view to promote organic farming in the country.  This will improve soil health and organic matter content and increase net income of the farmer so as to realise premium prices.

(iv)       The Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana (PMKSY) is being implemented to expand cultivated area with assured irrigation, reduce wastage of water and improve water use efficiency.

(v)        The National Agriculture Market scheme (e-NAM) was launched on 14.04.2016. The Scheme envisages initiation of e-marketing platform at national level and will support creation of infrastructure to enable e-marketing in 585 regulated markets across the country by March 2018. So far, 455 markets of 13 States have been integrated with e-NAM. This innovative market process evisages better price discovery, transparency and competition to enable farmers to get improved remuneration for their produce and move towards ‘One Nation One Market’.

(vi)       Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY) is being implemented from Kharif 2016 season and is available to the farmers at low rates of premium. This scheme would provide insurance cover for all stages of the crop cycle including post-harvest risks in specified instances.

(vii)  The Government provides interest subvention of 3% on short-term crop loans up to Rs.3.00 lakh.  Presently, loan is available to farmers at an interest rate of 7% per annum, which gets reduced to 4% on prompt repayment.  Further, under Interest Subvention Scheme 2016-17, in order to provide relief to the farmers on occurrence of natural calamities, the interest subvention of 2% shall continue to be available to banks for the first year on the restructured amount. In order to discourage distress sale by farmers and to encourage them to store their produce in warehouses against warehouse receipts, the benefit of interest subvention will be available to small and marginal farmers having Kisan Credit Card for a further period of upto six months post harvest on the same rate as available to crop loan.

 (viii) Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY) enables Governments to further implement the scheme in the State as per its requirement in areas which requires focused attention for increasing production and productivity in the State. The States have been provided flexibility and autonomy for selection, planning approval and execution of projects/programs under the scheme as per their need, priorities and agro-climate requirements. 



(ix)  Under National Food Security Mission (NFSM), a Centrally Sponsored scheme, NFSM-Pulses is being implemented in 638 districts of 29 States, NFSM-Rice in 194 districts of 25 States, NFSM-Wheat in 126 district of 11 States and NFSM-Coarse Cereals is being implemented in 265 districts of 28 States of the country for increasing the production and productivity of Rice, wheat, pulses and coarse cereal crops. Under NFSM, assistance is provided to farmers for distribution of Seeds (HYVs/Hybrids), production of seeds (only in pulses), INM and IPM techniques, resource conservation technologies/tools/farm mechanization, efficient water application tools, cropping system based trainings to farmers and also assistance for value addition.

(x)  National Mission on Oilseeds and Oil Palm (NMOOP) programme, is being implemented since 2014-15. The objective of NMOOP is to increase production and productivity of oilseeds for meeting the domestic requirement of vegetable oil. The various interventions of this mission are implemented through the State Department of Agriculture/Horticulture.

(xi)  Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH), a Centrally Sponsored Scheme, is being implemented w.e.f. 2014-15, for holistic growth of the horticulture sector covering fruits
vegetable, root and tuber crops, mushrooms, spices, flowers, aromatic plants, coconut, cashew, cocoa and bamboo. The Mission subsumes National Horticulture Mission (NHM), Horticulture Mission for North East & Himalayan States (HMNEH), National Horticulture Board (NHB), Coconut Development Board (CDB) and Central Institute for Horticulture (CIH), Nagaland. All States and UTs are covered under MIDH.

The other steps taken by farmers to enhance the income of farmers are as under:

(i)         The Government has drafted a new model Agricultural Produce and Livestock Marketing (Promotion & Facilitation) Act, 2017, which was released on 24.04.2017 for adoption by the States through legislation of their respective Acts. The Act provides the options of alternate markets beyond the existing APMC regulated market yards including private markets, direct marketing, farmer-consumer markets, special commodity markets, declaring warehouses/silos/cold storages or such structures as market sub yards and Market Yards of National Importance (MNI) so as to reduce the number of intermediaries between producer and buyer and increase the share of the farmer in consumer’s rupee.

(ii)        The Government undertakes procurement of wheat and paddy under its ‘MSP operations’. In addition, Government implements Market Intervention Scheme (MIS) for procurement of agricultural and horticultural commodities not covered under the Minimum Price Support Scheme on the request of State/UT Government. The MIS is implemented in order to protect the growers of these commodities from making distress sale in the event of bumper crop when the prices tend to fall below the economic level/cost of production.

(iii)       MSP is notified for both Kharif & Rabi crops based on the recommendations of the Commission on Agriculture Costs & Prices (CACP). The Commission collects & analyses data on cost of cultivation and recommends MSP.  To incentivise cultivation of pulses and oilseeds in the country, Government has announced bonus for Kharif 2017-18, over & above the approved MSP.  Even during last year, Government had offered bonus over & above the MSP, in the case of pulses and oilseeds.

Government led other market interventions such as Price Stabilization Fund and Food Corporation of India operations also supplement efforts to enhance the income of farmers. 

Apart from the above, the Government is also focusing on ancillary activities like Bee-keeping for increasing of farmers’ income.

This information was given by the Minister of State for Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, Shri Parshottam Rupala, in reply to a question in Lok Sabha today.



Courtesy: pib.nic.in

Immunization Under UIP

The Universal Immunization Programme which started in 1985 has not been renamed as Mission Indradhanush; the latter is a strategy under Universal Immunization Programme to cover unvaccinated and partially vaccinated children.

As on 19th July 2017, more than 247 lakh children have been vaccinated. Around 67 lakh pregnant women have been vaccinated with Tetanus toxoid. The state/UT/month/year-wise details are given below:

State/UT-wise details of children immunized in Mission Indradhanush
(Figures in lakhs)
S. No.
State/UT
Phase 1 (Apr’15-July’15)
Phase 2
(Oct’15-Jan’16)
Phase 3
(Apr’16-Jul’16)
Phase 4*
(Feb’17 onwards)
Total
1
Andhra Pradesh
0.477
0.702
0.239
0.334
1.752
2
Arunachal Pradesh
0.118
0.161
0.061
0.102
0.442
3
Andaman & Nicobar
0.000
0.001
0.000
0.000
0.001
4
Assam
1.271
1.334
0.481
0.316
3.403
5
Bihar
3.910
3.041
3.183
1.474
11.607
6
Chandigarh
0.000
0.045
0.000
0.000
0.045
7
Chhattisgarh
2.155
1.640
0.474
0.605
4.874
8
Delhi
3.054
2.980
2.425
0.790
9.249
9
Dadar & Nagar Haveli
0.000
0.005
0.000
0.000
0.005
10
Daman & Diu
0.000
0.006
0.000
0.000
0.006
11
Goa
0.000
0.008
0.000
0.000
0.008
12
Gujarat
2.054
1.577
1.117
0.462
5.210
13
Haryana
6.157
2.335
1.032
0.315
9.839
14
Himachal Pradesh
0.058
0.056
0.000
0.000
0.113
15
Jammu & Kashmir
0.269
0.337
0.235
0.000
0.840
16
Jharkhand
2.836
2.436
1.387
0.816
7.475
17
Karnataka
1.358
3.469
1.287
1.697
7.811
18
Kerala
0.324
0.404
0.318
0.333
1.378
19
Madhya Pradesh
4.525
7.787
4.895
4.002
21.209
20
Maharashtra
1.279
1.167
0.671
0.478
3.594
21
Manipur
0.132
0.156
0.075
0.077
0.440
22
Meghalaya
0.269
0.337
0.144
0.131
0.880
23
Mizoram
0.023
0.045
0.031
0.036
0.135
24
Nagaland
0.136
0.032
0.129
0.125
0.421
25
Odisha
1.512
1.585
0.387
0.021
3.506
26
Puducherry
0.001
0.005
0.000
0.000
0.006
27
Punjab
0.927
0.350
0.299
0.265
1.841
28
Rajasthan
6.367
5.240
2.433
1.473
15.513
29
Sikkim
0.000
0.001
0.000
0.002
0.003
30
Tamil Nadu
1.389
4.152
0.449
0.000
5.990
31
Telangana
0.543
0.987
0.105
0.871
2.506
32
Tripura
0.050
0.046
0.019
0.010
0.125
33
Uttar Pradesh
31.026
26.022
38.922
23.711
119.682
34
Uttarakhand
0.507
1.183
0.330
0.276
2.296
35
West Bengal
3.018
0.526
0.913
0.450
4.908
Total
75.744
70.157
62.041
39.171
247.113
*Phase-4 in North-eastern states from Feb’17 onwards and in remaining states from Apr’17 onwards. Lakshadweep not identified for any phase of Mission Indradhanush.

State/UT-wise details of pregnant women immunized in Mission Indradhanush
(Figures in lakhs)
S. No.
State/UT
Phase 1 (Apr’15-July’15)
Phase 2
(Oct’15-Jan’16)
Phase 3
(Apr’16-Jul’16)
Phase 4*
(Feb’17 onwards)
Total
1
Andhra Pradesh
0.127
0.156
0.049
0.048
0.380
2
Arunachal Pradesh
0.009
0.025
0.007
0.013
0.054
3
Andaman & Nicobar
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
4
Assam
0.450
0.289
0.131
0.073
0.942
5
Bihar
0.910
0.701
0.755
0.327
2.693
6
Chandigarh
0.000
0.007
0.000
0.000
0.007
7
Chhattisgarh
0.586
0.268
0.086
0.165
1.105
8
Delhi
0.459
0.441
0.470
0.120
1.490
9
Dadar & Nagar Haveli
0.000
0.001
0.000
0.000
0.001
10
Daman & Diu
0.000
0.001
0.000
0.000
0.001
11
Goa
0.000
0.001
0.000
0.000
0.001
12
Gujarat
0.547
0.294
0.296
0.141
1.278
13
Haryana
1.583
0.599
0.328
0.119
2.630
14
Himachal Pradesh
0.014
0.011
0.000
0.000
0.025
15
Jammu & Kashmir
0.034
0.018
0.016
0.000
0.067
16
Jharkhand
0.685
0.539
0.359
0.237
1.820
17
Karnataka
0.292
0.779
0.257
0.264
1.591
18
Kerala
0.024
0.041
0.014
0.030
0.109
19
Madhya Pradesh
1.395
2.202
1.469
1.379
6.446
20
Maharashtra
0.209
0.114
0.102
0.053
0.477
21
Manipur
0.023
0.018
0.029
0.015
0.085
22
Meghalaya
0.043
0.059
0.022
0.021
0.145
23
Mizoram
0.006
0.009
0.007
0.011
0.032
24
Nagaland
0.023
0.005
0.018
0.020
0.066
25
Odisha
0.448
0.480
0.096
0.006
1.029
26
Puducherry
0.000
0.001
0.000
0.000
0.001
27
Punjab
0.186
0.074
0.074
0.066
0.399
28
Rajasthan
1.707
1.272
0.702
0.392
4.072
29
Sikkim
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
30
Tamil Nadu
0.274
1.117
0.058
0.000
1.449
31
Telangana
0.092
0.212
0.028
0.088
0.419
32
Tripura
0.012
0.012
0.006
0.003
0.032
33
Uttar Pradesh
9.871
6.709
12.159
7.637
36.376
34
Uttarakhand
0.150
0.274
0.112
0.084
0.620
35
West Bengal
0.786
0.060
0.167
0.083
1.096
Total
20.945
16.786
17.815
11.394
66.940
*Phase-4 in North-eastern states from Feb’17 onwards and in remaining states from Apr’17 onwards. Lakshadweep not identified for any phase of Mission Indradhanush.
As per the Sample Registration System data, the Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) in India has declined from 39 per 1,000 live births in 2014 to 37 per 1,000 live births in 2015.
The Minister of State (Health and Family Welfare), Sh Faggan Singh Kulaste stated this in a written reply in the Rajya Sabha here today.


Courtesy: pib.nic.in