Friday, 4 August 2017

Anti-Venom and Anti-Rabies injections

Central Government provides assistance to the States for strengthening of health infrastructure under the National Health Mission. This facilitates treatment for various diseases and emergencies including snake bites. Health being a State subject, the Ministry has asked the States to procure anti-snake venom serum under National Health Mission after reflecting the same in their annual PIP for approvals.

Rabies is transmitted to the humans following bite of animals (dogs, cats, monkeys, mongoose etc.) infected by rabies virus. For prevention of deaths due to Rabies, Government of India is implementing the National Rabies Control Programme in the country. The objectives of the program are to:

·         Prevent human deaths due to rabies
·         Prevent transmission of rabies virus in dog population
·         Mass vaccination of dogs.
·         Dog population management
·         Strengthening surveillance & response.

To prevent deaths due to human rabies, the strategy adopted is to implement more cost effective Intra Dermal (ID) route of inoculation for anti-rabies vaccines for Category II & Category III bites and infiltration of Rabies immunoglobulin in all Cat III bites in all major anti-rabies clinics of government health facilities. 

The States are asked to organize training of health professional on animal bite management and ID route of anti-rabies vaccination, IEC activities for community awareness on dos’ and don’ts in the eventof animal bite, strengthening surveillance of human rabies and strengthening lab diagnostics for rabies.

As per reports received from the States, details of State wise deaths due to snake bite and rabies, during the last three years in the country are given below:



State/UT-wise Deaths due to Snake Bite reported during the years 2014 – 2016

S.No.

State /U.T
2014
2015
2016
(Provisional)
Deaths

Deaths

Deaths

1
Andhra Pradesh*
61
46
33
2
Arunachal Pradesh
0
0
0
3
Assam
0
0
0
4
Bihar
9
21
11
5
Chhattisgarh
26
32
62
6
Goa
3
0
1
7
Gujarat
111
78
72
8
Haryana
6
8
4
9
Himachal Pradesh
19
25
21
10
Jammu & Kashmir
2
2
0
11
Jharkhand
19
4
15
12
Karnataka
81
53
43
13
Kerala
4
18
11
14
Madhya Pradesh
156
114
113
15
Maharashtra
40
37
67
16
Manipur
0
0
0
17
Meghalaya
2
1
0
18
Mizoram
0
0
0
19
Nagaland
0
0
0
20
Odisha
186
261
120
21
Punjab
15
11
8
22
Rajasthan
72
58
34
23
Sikkim
0
0
2
24
Tamil Nadu
37
74
46
25
Telangana
NA
53
93
26
Tripura
1
0
1
27
Uttarakhand
1
1
2
28
Uttar Pradesh
82
78
116
29
West Bengal
138
171
138
30
A & N Islands
3
12
0
31
Chandigarh
10
16
36
32
D & N Haveli
0
3
9
33
Daman & Diu
0
1
0
34
Delhi
1
6
1
35
Lakshadweep
0
0
0
36
Puducherry
37
35
5
Total

1122
1219
1064

Note: 2014: * Excludes data of 10 districts of Telangana from July onwards.
Source:  Monthly Health Condition Reports from Directorate of Health Services of States/UTs



State/UT-wise Deaths due to Rabies reported during the years 2014 – 2016

S.No.

State /U.T
2014
2015
2016
(Provisional)
Deaths

Deaths

Deaths

1
Andhra Pradesh*
0
1
0
2
Arunachal Pradesh
0
0
0
3
Assam
0
0
0
4
Bihar
0
1
4
5
Chhattisgarh
2
3
0
6
Goa
0
0
0
7
Gujarat
7
8
1
8
Haryana
0
0
0
9
Himachal Pradesh
1
2
0
10
Jammu & Kashmir
0
0
0
11
Jharkhand
0
0
1
12
Karnataka
6
9
19
13
Kerala
5
7
2
14
Madhya Pradesh
12
11
0
15
Maharashtra
1
0
1
16
Manipur
0
0
0
17
Meghalaya
0
1
0
18
Mizoram
0
0
0
19
Nagaland
0
0
0
20
Odisha
3
6
3
21
Punjab
0
0
0
22
Rajasthan
0
1
0
23
Sikkim
0
3
0
24
Tamil Nadu
4
1
1
25
Telangana
NA
0
0
26
Tripura
1
0
3
27
Uttarakhand
6
0
0
28
Uttar Pradesh
1
0
0
29
West Bengal
52
47
47
30
A & N Islands
0
0
0
31
Chandigarh
0
0
0
32
D & N Haveli
0
0
0
33
Daman & Diu
1
0
0
34
Delhi
23
12
4
35
Lakshadweep
0
0
0
36
Puducherry
0
0
0
Total

125
113
86

Note: 2014: * Excludes data of 10 districts of Telangana from July onwards.
Source:  Monthly Health Condition Reports from Directorate of Health Services of States/UTs

The Minister of State (Health and Family Welfare), Smt Anupriya Patel stated this in a written reply in the Lok Sabha here today.


Courtesy: pib.nic.in

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