Thursday, 27 July 2017

Fiscal Deficit of the Centre as percentage of GDP has declined consistently since 2013-14 from 4.5 per cent to 3.5 per cent in 2016-17 (provisional actual) and is further budgeted to come down to 3.2 per cent in 2017-18.

The Government is committed to the policy of fiscal rectitude. The fiscal deficit of the Centre as percentage of GDP has declined consistently from 4.5 per cent in 2013-14 to 4.1 per cent, 3.9 per cent and 3.5 per cent respectively in 2014-15, 2015-16 and 2016-17 (provisional actual) and is further budgeted to come down to 3.2 per cent in 2017-18. As per the information from the Reserve Bank of India’s “State Finances: A Study of Budgets of 2016-17”, the fiscal deficit of the States as per cent of Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) was 2.6 per cent in 2014-15, which increased to 2.9 per cent (without the UDAY liabilities) in 2015-16 (Revised estimates) and then declined to 2.7 per cent (without the UDAY liabilities) in 2016-17 (revised estimates, based on information from 25 States). The fiscal deficit-GSDP ratio is budgeted to decline to 2.6 per cent in 2017-18 (based on information from 25 States).

The total outstanding liabilities of the State Governments as percentage of corresponding GSDP during 2014-15 to 2016-17 (BE) is given in the table below.

Total Outstanding Liabilities – As percentage of GSDP
State
2014-15
2015-16 (RE)
2016-17 (BE)
State
2014-15
2015-16 (RE)
2016-17 (BE)
 Andhra Pradesh
23.3
23.0
23.0
 Maharashtra
18.0
17.6
17.6
 Arunachal Pradesh
36.8
27.1
23.9
 Meghalaya
28.3
28.5
29.1
 Assam
17.9
18.4
18.8
 Mizoram
60.6
54.6
48.5
 Bihar
26.6
27.9
28.0
 Nagaland
43.2
36.7
34.6
 Chhattisgarh
13.2
14.6
15.8
 Odisha
15.8
16.4
17.9
 Goa
34.7
35.4
36.2
 Punjab
30.5
32.9
32.6
 Gujarat
22.6
22.5
22.5
Rajasthan
24.2
31.1
30.4
 Haryana
21.2
25.9
26.3
 Sikkim
23.0
24.0
25.0
 Himachal Pradesh
36.6
35.4
34.4
 Tamil Nadu
17.0
17.9
19.1
 Jammu and Kashmir
48.0
47.1
48.8
 Telangana
14.2
15.4
17.2
 Jharkhand
20.1
23.6
23.7
Tripura
31.4
30.9
29.0
 Karnataka
17.2
16.9
16.9
 Uttar Pradesh
30.1
35.3
35.5
 Kerala
27.3
27.2
27.7
Uttarakhand
21.0
21.2
21.8
 Madhya Pradesh
22.6
22.8
23.1
 West Bengal
34.6
32.5
33.8
 Manipur
41.0
39.9
38.2
Note: RE: Revised Estimates. BE: Budget Estimates
Source: RBI Publication "State Finances: A Study of Budgets of 2016-17”.

As recommended by the Fourteenth Finance Commission (FFC) for its award period (2015-20), the Union Government approved the fiscal deficit target for States of 3 per cent of respective States’ Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP). The Union Government also approved year-to-year flexibility for additional fiscal deficit to States for the period 2016-17 to 2019-20 to a maximum of 0.5 per cent over and above the normal limit of 3 per cent in any given year subject to the States maintaining the debt-GSDP ratio within 25 per cent and interest payments-revenue receipts ratio within 10 per cent in the previous year. However, the flexibility in availing the additional fiscal deficit will be available to a State if there is no revenue deficit in the year in which borrowing limits are to be fixed and in the immediate preceding year.
As per the recommendation of the FFC, the Union Government decided to increase the share of States in the Central divisible pool of taxes from 32 per cent to 42 per cent, thereby allowing States greater autonomy in financing and designing schemes as per their needs. Besides, post-devolution revenue deficit grant has been provided to eleven States where devolution alone could not cover the assessed gap.
This was stated by Shri Arjun Ram Meghwal, Minister of State for Finance and Corporate Affairs in written reply to a question in Rajya Sabha yesterday.


Courtesy: pib.nic.in

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