Friday, 7 April 2017

Cataract Patients

As per the National Survey 2006-07 conducted under the National Programme for Control of Blindness (NPCB) by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, there were around 12 million blind persons (Visual Acuity<6/60) including blindness due to Cataract in the Country.    A statement showing estimated number of blind persons in the country, State/UT-wise, due to various eye diseases including Cataract is given below:

Estimated Blind Persons in India-2006-07
S.No.
State/UTs
Prevalence of Blindness (Survey 2001-02)
Estimated Blind Persons (Visual Acuity <6/60)
Estimated blind persons due to cataract (62.6% of total blindness)
1
ANDAMAN & NICOBAR
1.10
3919
2453
2
ANDHRA PRADESH
1.42
1075331
673157
3
ARUNACHAL PRADESH
2.28
24877
15573
4
ASSAM
3.05
812471
508607
5
BIHAR
0.78
646455
404681
6
CHANDIGARH
1.01
9099
5696
7
CHHATISGARH
1.61
334815
209594
8
DADRA & NAGAR HAVELI
1.07
2359
1477
9
DAMAN & DIU
1.07
1691
1059
10
DELHI
1.13
155748
97498
11
GOA
1.52
20429
12788
12
GUJARAT
1.07
541388
338909
13
HARYANA
1.89
398468
249441
14
HIMACHAL PRADESH
0.70
42541
26631
15
JAMMU & KASHMIR
1.61
162126
101491
16
JHARKHAND
1.41
379423
237519
17
KARNATAKA
1.78
938664
587604
18
KERALA
0.56
178296
111613
19
LAKSHADWEEP
1.10
667
417
20
MADHYA PRADESH
1.16
700467
438493
21
MAHARASHTRA
0.95
919146
575386
22
MANIPUR
1.38
32963
20635
23
MEGHALAYA
0.74
17065
10683
24
MIZORAM
0.78
6950
4351
25
NAGALAND
1.05
20881
13071
26
ODISHA
1.40
513897
321699
27
PONDICHERRY
0.78
7596
4755
28
PUNJAB
1.01
245322
153572
29
RAJASTHAN
1.55
875333
547959
30
SIKKIM
0.65
3513
2199
31
TAMIL NADU
0.78
484465
303275
32
TRIPURA
0.77
24572
33
UTTAR PRADESH
0.94
1560897
977121
34
UTTARAKHAND
0.56
47486
29726
35
WEST BENGAL
1.19
954632
597600

TOTAL
1.10
12143952
7586732
The number of cataract cases would be many times higher as this is the estimate of cataract cases in blind persons.








































In the pattern of assistance approved by the Empowered Programme Committee (EPC) in the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, a target of 330 lakh cataract surgeries with an annual target 66 lakh cataract surgeries was fixed under NPCB during the 12th Five Year Plan (2012-2017).  A statement showing annual targets for cataract surgeries, State/UT-wise, in the year 2016-17 is given below:

Target for Cataract surgery-2016-17
States/UTs
Cataract Operations
Major States
Target
Andhra Pradesh
327688
Bihar
421309
Chattisgarh
168565
Goa
9621
Gujarat
399632
Haryana
167330
Himachal Pradesh
27769
Jammu & Kashmir
82331
Jharkhand
217577
Karnataka
404563
Kerala
136120
Madhya Pradesh
480244
Maharashtra
456011
Orissa
276853
Punjab
183948
Rajasthan
453999
Tamil Nadu
293063
Telangana
231105
Uttar Pradesh
808305
Uttarakhand
40973
West Bengal
603995
North Eastern States

Arunachal Pradesh
9125
Assam
205717
Manipur
17964
Meghalaya
12004
Mizoram
4419
Nagaland
13072
Sikkim
2461
Tripura
14868
UTs

A &N Nicobar Islands
2508
Chandigarh
6961
D&N Haveli
2263
Daman & Diu
1603
Delhi
110571
Lakshdweep
425
Puducherry
5040
Grand Total
6600000


Cataract is mainly an age related diseases, which can be controlled by adopting appropriate measures and surgical procedures. Due to increase in population and life expectancy, the number of new cases of Cataract is likely to increase.  

However,  NPCB in the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare is committed to reduce the burden of avoidable blindness in the country including blindness due to cataract to 0.3% by the year 2020 by adopting the following strategies:. 
·         Decentralized implementation of NPCB through State/District Health Societies for close monitoring and supervision;
·         Reduction in the backlog of blind persons by active screening of population above 50 years, organizing eye screening  camps and transporting operable cases to fixed eye-care facilities for operation/treatment;
·         Involvement of private practitioners in eye care services;
·         In-service training to eye surgeons in various fields of ophthalmology to refresh and  develop clinical and surgical skills including Cataract;
·         Strengthening/developing of eye-care infrastructure at various levels to improve quantity and quality of eye-care services;
·         Provision for setting up Multipurpose District Mobile ophthalmic Units in District Hospitals to improve coverage area.

The Minister of State (Health and Family Welfare), SmtAnupriya Patel stated this in a written reply in the LokSabha here today.



 Courtesy: pib.nic.in

No comments:

Shri Radha Mohan Singh addresses inaugurates Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyay Centenary Krishi Unnati Mela in Mathura

Production of pulses increases to 22.40 million tonnes in 2016-17 from 16.35 million tonnes in the previous year: Shri Radha Mohan Singh ...