Several measures have been taken by Indian Railways to modernize / upgrade rail coaches of Mainline trains in the recent past. These include provision of improved interiors with upgraded fire retardant properties, Bio Toilets, Balanced Draft Gear for reducing the jerks in Centre Buffer Couplers (CBC) fitted coaches, Light Emitting Diode (LED) lighting, Screw less Fibre-Reinforced Polymer (FRP) or Aluminium Composite Panel (ACP) paneling for interiors, etc. Besides, a policy decision has been taken to proliferate Linke Hofmann Busch (LHB) coaches. LHB type coaches are based on new technology and are of superior design as compared to conventional Integral Coach Factory (ICF) type coaches.
In addition to the above, Humsafar trains having additional amenities in the coaches have recently been introduced for providing comfortable Air-Conditioned III Tier travel. Humsafar coaches have better passenger amenities, improved aesthetics, passenger announcement system, Closed-Circuit Television (CCTV) based surveillance system, etc. Also, Antyodaya and Deen Dayalu coaches for unreserved travel, having additional amenities in the coaches, have been introduced in service. These coaches have features such as cushioned luggage racks, drinking water dispenser, pleasing interior and exterior with anti-graffiti measures, enhanced number of mobile charging points, etc.
Targets set for the manufacture of Humsafar/Deen Dayalu and Antyodaya coaches for the next three years, which are available now, are as under:
Type of coach
The modernization/upgradation of rail coaches of Mainline trains as a continual process is carried out based on availability of capacities/funds.
The zone-wise holding of coaches of Indian Railways, as on 31.03.2016 is as below:
Number of coaches
East Central Railway
East Coast Railway
North Central Railway
North Eastern Railway
Northeast Frontier Railway
North Western Railway
South Central Railway
South Eastern Railway
South East Central Railway
South Western Railway
West Central Railway
Indian Railways undertakes Mid-Life Rehabilitation (MLR) of Mainline coaches in a programmed manner depending upon the capacity and availability of funds. During 2016-17 (upto February 2017), 766 such coaches underwent MLR. It is planned to do MLR for around 1000 coaches in 2017-18.
As a part of MLR, selected number of coaches are being refurbished. Refurbished coaches with improvedinteriors, vibrant colour scheme, additional amenities, etc. have been inducted in the Mahamana Express running between New Delhi and Varanasi. Additional coaches are taken up for refurbishing based on sanctions under the Rolling Stock Programme and availability of capacities/funds.
This Press Release is based on the information given by the Minister of State for Railways Shri Rajen Gohain in a written reply to a question in Rajya Sabha on 31.03.2017 (Friday).