Friday, 2 December 2016

Japanese Encephalitis

As per the reports submitted by the States/UTs, 257 districts are affected by JE and 442 districts are affected by AES.
Statements indicating State/UT-wise, number of JE and AES cases and deaths reported during the last three years and the current year, are given below:

State wise Number of JE Case (C) and Death (D) - 2013 to 2016 (till 27.11.2016)
Sl. No
States/ UTs
No. of Districts
Year 
2013
2014
2015
2016 (P)
till 27.11.2016
C
D
C
D
C
D
C
D
1
Andhra Pradesh
1
7
3
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
Arunachal Pradesh
11
0
0
32
3
32
2
0
0
3
Assam
28
495
134
761
165
614
135
416
85
4
Bihar
23
14
0
20
2
66
12
82
20
5
Delhi
8
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
6
Goa
2
3
1
0
0
0
0
1
0
7
Haryana
5
2
0
5
1
2
0
2
0
8
Jharkhand
16
89
5
90
2
116
8
43
5
9
Karnataka
16
2
0
13
0
27
1
1
0
10
Kerala
7
2
0
3
2
2
1
2
0
11
Maharashtra
3
0
0
0
0
7
0
4
0
12
Manipur
8
0
0
1
0
6
0
44
1
13
Meghalaya
8
0
0
72
3
41
8
34
4
14
Nagaland
8
4
0
6
0
0
0
0
0
15
Odisha
15
0
0
0
0
33
2
221
39
16
Punjab
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
17
Tamil Nadu
28
33
0
36
3
53
0
36
0
18
Telangana
7
0
0
0
0
8
1
4
0
19
Tripura
8
14
0
14
0
28
4
77
1
20
Uttar Pradesh
32
281
47
191
34
351
42
353
68
21
Uttarakhand
1
0
0
2
0
2
0
0
0
22
West Bengal
20
140
12
415
78
342
75
153
33
Grand Total
257
1086
202
1661
293
1731
291
1474
256
                                                                                                                        
State wise Number of AES Case (C) and Death (D) - 2013 to 2016 (till 27.11.2016)
Sl. No
States/ UTs
No. of Districts
Year
2013
2014
2015
2016 (P)
till 27.11.2016
C
D
C
D
C
D
C
D
1
Andhra Pradesh
13
345
3
31
0
50
0
4
0
2
Arunachal Pradesh
17
0
0
102
11
73
2
1
0
3
Assam
28
1388
272
2194
360
1409
260
1668
183
4
Bihar
40
417
143
1358
355
285
90
269
90
5
Delhi
8
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
6
Goa
2
48
1
17
0
0
0
12
0
7
Haryana
14
2
0
6
1
2
0
2
0
8
Jharkhand
24
270
5
288
2
217
8
288
5
9
Karnataka
32
162
0
75
0
335
1
193
0
10
Kerala
14
53
6
6
2
29
3
13
3
11
Maharashtra
27
0
0
0
0
51
0
28
0
12
Manipur
10
1
0
16
0
34
0
437
1
13
Meghalaya
11
0
0
212
3
174
8
89
4
14
Nagaland
12
20
0
20
1
10
1
0
0
15
Odisha
30
0
0
0
0
660
2
960
106
16
Punjab
22
0
0
2
0
1
0
1
0
17
Tamil Nadu
44
77
8
346
4
847
0
624
2
18
Telangana
10
0
0
155
5
157
1
57
0
19
Tripura
8
211
0
323
0
459
4
306
1
20
Uttar Pradesh
43
3096
609
3329
627
2894
479
3599
569
21
Uttarakhand
13
0
0
2
0
2
0
0
0
22
West Bengal
20
1735
226
2385
348
2165
351
1601
235
Grand Total
442
7825
1273
10867
1719
9855
1210
10152
1199

·         AES is caused by various reasons like bacteria, virus etc. of which only JE is vaccine preventable disease, for which vaccination is provided.

·         As on date, out of 216 endemic districts, 198 have been covered under JE vaccination campaign in 1-15 years children. The campaign is followed by two doses of JE vaccine under Routine Immunization (at 9-12 months and 16-24 months) to cover the new cohort under Universal Immunization Programme (UIP) since 2006.
·         Adult JE vaccination has been completed in 5 districts of Assam and selected blocks of 7 districts of UP and 9 districts of West Bengal. More Blocks have been identified for Adult JE vaccination campaign (>15-65 years) in the States of West Bengal and Assam.
·      A multi-pronged strategy has been adopted under the National Programme for Prevention and Control of JE/AES approved by the cabinet on 18.10.2012 in sixty high priority districts in 5 States of Assam, Bihar,
Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal with the participation of Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Ministry of Drinking Water & Sanitation, Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation, Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment, Ministry of Women &Child Development and Ministry of Human Resource Development (Department of School Education & Literacy). The Major components under the Programme include strengthening of JE/AES surveillance by establishing sentinel laboratories, reduction in case fatality rate by establishment of Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (ICU) at district level in 60 high burdened districts, capacity building in critical case management, JE vaccination, supply of safe drinking water, establishment of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Department in 10 identified medical college of five states.
·         Number of sentinel sites increased from 51 in 2005 to 130 at present.
·         Apex Referral Laboratories increased from 12 to 15.
·         Out of 216 endemic districts, 197 districts covered under JE vaccination campaign in 1-15 years children.
·         Adult JE vaccination completed in 5 districts of Assam and selected blocks of 7 districts of UP and 9 districts of West Bengal. More Blocks have been identified for Adult JE vaccination campaign (>15-65 years) in the States of West Bengal and Assam.
·         Till date funds released for 42 Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU).
·         Funds have been released for 10 Physical Medicine Rehabilitation (PMR). 

The Minister of State (Health and Family Welfare), Sh Faggan Singh Kulaste stated this in a written reply in the Lok Sabha here today.

Courtesy: pib.nic.in

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